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Restoration Activities
Case: Chalk Point, MD

The trustees have completed the following ecological and recreational restoration projects to address the injuries:

Created 6 acres of intertidal wetland adjacent to Washington Creek, a tributary of the Patuxent River. This wetland is similar to those affected by the spill and provides habitat for juvenile fish, shellfish, birds, and mammals; improves water quality by filtering sediments and other pollutants from the water column and from surface runoff; and provides storm surge and flood protection. This project was implemented by NOAA. 

Enhanced and protected shoreline by creating one acre of new beach and protecting 1800 feet of shoreline with a combination of sills and offshore breakwaters to compensate for injuries to beach and terrapins. This project is collocated with the above marsh creation project on the Patuxent River. This project was implemented by NOAA. 

Restored ruddy duck nesting habitat by converting marginally productive agricultural land in the Prairie Pothole Region of the midwestern United States into seasonal wetlands and protecting them with conservation easements. Ruddy ducks, the primary bird species injured in the spill, breed in wetlands in the Midwest and southern Canada and migrate to the Chesapeake Bay during the winter. Over 1800 acres of nesting habitat for this species have now been restored. This project was implemented by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Created 5 acres of oyster reef sanctuary in the Patuxent River and seeded it with native oysters to address injuries to fish, shellfish, birds, and benthic communities. Oyster reefs enhance benthic communities; increase aquatic food for fish, birds, and waterfowl; and improve water quality by filtering out sediment and pollutants from the water column. This project was implemented by NOAA.

Addressed recreational use and the estimated 125,000 river trips affected by the spill by completing the following project (all implemented by the Maryland Department of Natural Resources) —

  • Two new canoe/kayak paddle-in campsites on the Patuxent River (Prince George's and St. Mary's counties). 
  • Forest Landing boat ramp and fishing pier improvements (St. Mary's County). 
  • Nan's Cove boat launch improvements to an existing fishing pier (Calvert County).
  • Recreational improvements at Maxwell Hall Natural Resource Management Area (Charles County).
  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)-accessible kayak/canoe launch built at Greenwell State Park (St. Mary's County).

Current and Upcoming Restoration Activities

  • Corrective action is being performed on the oyster sanctuary because the oyster density has dropped below the performance threshold. The Trustees began phased reseeding in 2007 and will reseed 2 million oysters each year through 2011 to establish mixed age classes of oysters in the sanctuary. At the end of 5 years, the original 10 million seeded oysters will have been replaced.
  • Oyster monitoring for survival and incidence of disease will continue until 2013.
  • Funds are available for two additional lost recreational use projects now under consideration.


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Revised: Tuesday, 29-Jan-2013
Web site owner: Office of Response and Restoration
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