The trustees have completed the following ecological and recreational restoration projects to address the injuries:
Created 6 acres of intertidal wetland adjacent to
Washington Creek, a tributary of the Patuxent River. This wetland is
similar to those affected by the spill and provides habitat for juvenile
fish, shellfish, birds, and mammals; improves water quality by filtering
sediments and other pollutants from the water column and from surface runoff;
and provides storm surge and flood protection. This project was implemented by
Enhanced and protected shoreline by creating one
acre of new beach and protecting 1800 feet of shoreline with a combination
of sills and offshore breakwaters to compensate for injuries to beach and
terrapins. This project is collocated with the above marsh creation project on
the Patuxent River. This project was implemented by NOAA.
Restored ruddy duck nesting habitat by converting
marginally productive agricultural land in the Prairie Pothole Region of
the midwestern United States into seasonal wetlands and protecting them with
conservation easements. Ruddy ducks, the primary bird species injured in the
spill, breed in wetlands in the Midwest and southern Canada and
migrate to the Chesapeake Bay during the winter. Over 1800 acres of nesting
habitat for this species have now been restored. This project was implemented
by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Created 5 acres of oyster reef sanctuary in the Patuxent
River and seeded it with native oysters to address injuries to fish,
shellfish, birds, and benthic communities. Oyster reefs enhance benthic
communities; increase aquatic food for fish, birds, and waterfowl; and improve
water quality by filtering out sediment and pollutants from the water column.
This project was implemented by NOAA.
Addressed recreational use and the estimated 125,000 river trips
affected by the spill by completing the following project (all implemented by
the Maryland Department of Natural Resources) —
Two new canoe/kayak paddle-in campsites on the Patuxent River (Prince
George's and St. Mary's counties).
Forest Landing boat ramp and fishing pier improvements (St. Mary's
Nan's Cove boat launch improvements to an existing fishing pier (Calvert
Recreational improvements at Maxwell Hall Natural Resource Management Area
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)-accessible kayak/canoe launch built at
Greenwell State Park (St. Mary's County).
Current and Upcoming Restoration Activities
Corrective action is being performed on the oyster sanctuary because
the oyster density has dropped below the performance threshold. The Trustees
began phased reseeding in 2007 and will reseed 2 million oysters each year
through 2011 to establish mixed age classes of oysters in the sanctuary. At the
end of 5 years, the original 10 million seeded oysters will have been
Oyster monitoring for survival and incidence of disease will continue until
Funds are available for two additional lost recreational use projects now under